- About half of U.S. Muslims say that all (7%) or most (41%) of their close friends are followers of Islam, and half say that some (36%) or hardly any (14%) of their close friends are Muslim. By contrast, Muslims in other countries typically report that all or most of their close friends are Muslim (global median = 95%)
- This may help explain why the US is the only country where a majority of Muslims (56%) believe that people from other faiths can attain eternal life (64% of American Christians believe this). In most other countries, only a small minority of Muslims hold this belief (median = 18%).
- 81% of US Muslim respondents held that suicide bombing is never justified (7% said it was justified to defend Islam, and 1% said it was sometimes justified). Worldwide, most Muslims reject suicide bombing, but in some countries, significant minorities (e.g., Bangladesh (26%), Egypt (29%), Afghanistan (39%)) think it is sometimes justified.
- Approximately six-in-ten U.S. Muslims (59%) say that in general there is no conflict between science and religion. About half of Muslims worldwide agree with this statement.
- With regards to evolution, however, 45% of US Muslims believe humans and other living things have evolved over time, while 44% disagree (46% of US Christians say they believe in evolution). Worldwide, slightly more than half of Muslims believe that humans evolved over time (median = 53%)
The report explores Mulsim views in seven categories: Islamic law, religion and politics, morality, women, relations among Muslims, interfaith relations, and religion, science and pop culture. It is based on a survey which involved more than 38,000 face-to-face interviews in over 80 languages with Muslims across Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Africa. It contains a special section US Muslims ("Appendix A: U.S. Muslims — Views on Religion and Society in a Global Context"), which compares the results of "The World Muslims" survey to a 2011 Pew Research Center survey of American Muslims.